List of Commonly Used Abbreviations – LCD HDMI LTE CCTV SMS DSL HTTP

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An abbreviation, a Latin word means “short” is shortened form of word or phrase.

Abbreviation were generated for time and space saving and to provide secrecy. Actually the Reduction of words was common in Greece and Rome. From its early days of English, abbreviation was used. Even in old English script copies abbreviation of many words was often used, that’s why not much space is wasted.

List of Commonly Used Abbreviations

LCD:

LCD is abbreviation of Liquid Crystal Display.

LCD is electronic visual display that uses light modulating properties of liquid crystals. LCD’s have appeared as powerful high-definition technology. In 1972, the first active-matrix liquid-crystal panel was produce in United States by T Peter Brody’s team.

HDMI:

HDMI is abbreviation of High Definition Media Interface.

Is Proprietary audio/video edge for transferring uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from HDMI-complaint source device to video projector, computer monitor, digital television & audio device. The HDMI founders are Hitachi, Panasonic, Philips, Sony, Thomson, Toshiba, Silicon image & RCA.

MPEG:

MPEG is abbreviation of Moving Picture Expert Group.

MPEG was formed to fulfill the need of best quality audio and video format using complex encoding method. MPEG is working group of authorities formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video transmission and compression. The MPEG working group was established in January 1998.

 IP:

IP is abbreviation of Internet Protocol.

IP is actually part of TCP/IP stands for transmission control protocol/internet protocol we call it IP for short. IP is certain address that is assign to certain device and accessed easily using it. Two type of IP are defined IPv4 and Ipv6.usually Ipv4 version is used usually. It is certain address assign to devices on network. IP is an accessing address for machines. IP was introduced by Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn in 1974.

I/O:

I/O is abbreviation of Input/output.

The term I/O is referred to as to perform an input/output operation. The I/O devices are used by humans or other system to communicate with a computer. Like a keyboard or mouse is an input device for a computer while monitors and printers are output devices.

JPEG:

JPEG is abbreviation of Joint Photographic Experts Group.

JPEG is method of lossy compression for digital images.JPEG commonly used format to save photos, usually for digital photographs. In 1991,JPEG was created in a meeting at C-Cube Microsystems involving representatives of many companies including C-Cube Microsystems, Radius, Tech, Sun ,Handmade software, next and other.

PNG:

PNG is abbreviation of Portable Networks Graphics.

Portable network graphics is a file format similar to GIF but color tone are not limited to 256.that supports lossless data compression (image compressor) and was created for non-patented replacement for GIF. After the Lempel-Ziv-Welch data compression algorithm used in GIF format was the motivation for creating PNG format in 1995.

SSL:

SSL is abbreviation of Secure Socket Layer.

SSL is standard security technology for establishing encrypted link between a web server and a browser. This ensures that all data passed is secured private and integral. Netscape established the original SSL protocols. Version 2.0 was announced in February 1995.

GPU:

GPU is abbreviation of Graphic Processing Unit.

GPU is mostly used for 3D applications .GPU is a single chip processor which creates lightening effect and converts object every time 3D is is formed. GPU can be present on video card, or it can be inlaid on mother board, or in certain CPU on CPU’s die. The term CPU was accepted by NVidia In 1999, who marketed the GeForce 256 as “The world’s first GPU”.

Cc/Bcc:

Cc/Bcc is abbreviation of Carbon Copy/Blind Carbon Copy.

Cc is copy of a note sent to an address other than main address that is not visible to main or carbon copy address. Bcc allows sender of message to conceal the person entered in Bcc field from other recipient. This concept originally applied to paper carbon copy and now also applies to emails.

CAPTCHA:

CAPTCHA is abbreviation of Completely Automatic Public Turning Test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart.

CAPTCHA is a type of challenge or test to determine whether or not user is human. the Captcha requires user type the letters of distorted image appears on the screen. The term was founded in 2003 by Luis von Ahn, Manuel Blum, Nicholas J. hopper, and John Langford. Before it very first time the CAPTCHA was first invented by Mark D. Lillibridge and Martin Abadi and Anderei Z. Broder.

LTE:

LTE is abbreviation of Long Term Evolution.

LTE is 4G wireless broadband technology. LTE is wireless communication for mobile phones and data terminals. LTE was developed by the third generation partnership project by an industry trade group. In the world LTE with bit rate upto 144 Mbit/s by Ericsson demonstrated for the first time in February 2007.

ISP:

ISP is abbreviation of Internet Service Provider.

ISP is an organization that provides services for accessing and using the internet. ISP may be organized in different forms such as commercial, community-owned or privately owned. In late 1980’s, A process was set in place towards public, commercial use of Internet. In 1989, the first ISP was established in Australia.

CCTV:

CCTV is abbreviation of Closed Circuit television.

CCTV is system of remote monitoring using cameras. Now a day, CCTV is used everywhere as it becomes easy to monitor certain area and people using it. Back In 1942, the first CCTV was installed by German military. They used CCTV potage in black and white monitors to observe launch of V2 Rockets.

GIF:

GIF is abbreviation of Graphic Interchange Format.

Graphic interchange format is used to save photos commonly used on internet the format limits the color tone in a photo to 256. and usually known by GIF or gif.GIF was first developed by Steve Wilhite US-based software writer while during working on internet service provider CompServe in 1987.GIF come into wide spread usage on world wide web due to its wide support and portability.

LAN:

LAN is abbreviation of Local Area Network.

LAN is computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area.LAN is locally managed network within a school, university campus, a residence, office that has its network equipment. A number of LAN technologies were developed in 1970’s.these included both experimental and commercial LAN technologies.

SD Card:

SD Card is an abbreviation of Secure Digital Card.

SD cards are used in mobile phones. They are also used in handheld gps devices, portable media players, digital audio players, digital cameras and expandable USB flash drives. In 1999, Sandisk, Matsushita, and Toshiba took step for development and marketing of SD Card

VPN:

VPN is abbreviation of Virtual Private Network.

VPN is private network that enables user to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if computing devices connected directly to private network. It provides security and network management. VPN arrived as a result of need for high data security then the X.25 protocol and Frame relay were the first steps toward coming of VPN which were conquered by even online users.

SMS:

SMS is abbreviation of Short Message Service.

SMS is services provided to text messaging using mobile phones. Text messaging shortcuts used to reduce typing on cell phones, smart phone, or on computer key board. Some may call it an internet slag or form of “leet”. Adding text messaging service to mobile was began in early 1998. The SMS concept was developed by Fried helm Hillebrand and Bernard Gillebaert in Franco-German GSM Corporation in 1984

PDF:

PDF is abbreviation of Portable Document Format.

PDF is file format that has captured all the elements of a printed document as an electronic image that we can print, navigate or forward to someone else.PDF was developed in early 1990’s by a team that was lead by Randy Adams.

CPU:

CPU is abbreviation of Central Processing Unit.

CPU is electronic circuitry in computer that carries instruction of computer program. Traditionally the term CPU refers to a Processor. CPU hold instruction by performing basic arithmetic logics, I/O operation specified by instruction. The earliest device CPU came with the advent of stored-program computer.

URL:

URL is abbreviation of Uniform Resource Locator.

URL is global address of documents and other resources on World Wide Web. In 1994, Tim Berners-Lee’s implicitly introduced the idea of a Uniform resource locator as a short string representing a resource that is target of hyperlink.

DVD:

DVD is abbreviation of Digital Video Disk.

DVD is digital optical disk storage format invented and co-developed by Philips, Sony Toshiba, and Panasonic in 1995.In 1993 two high density optical storage formats have been developed, one multimedia compact disk introduced by Philips and Sony the other one is super density disk developed by Toshiba time Warner and other.

MAC:

MAC is abbreviation of Media Access Control.

MAC of a computer is a unique identifier assigned to network interfaces for communication.MAC addresses are used as network address for Ethernet and wifi.A MAC address is a unique serial number. These address are usually assigned by manufacturer of Network interface controller and stored in hardware of interface.

GPS:

GPS is abbreviation of Global Positioning System.

GPS is known as Navstar. GPS is global navigation satellite system that provides location and time information in all type of weather conditions. GPS design is partly based on ground radio navigation system. In 1965, German American physicist Friedwardt Winter berg introduced GPS as a result of his experiment.

DSL:

DSL is abbreviation of Digital Subscriber Line.

DSL is technology for bringing High Bandwidth-information to homes and small business over ordinary copper wires in the latest technology optical fiber is used instead of copper wire.DSL technology was proposed in 1984 by CCITT now ITU-T.

HTTP:

Http is abbreviation of Hypertext Transfer Protocol.

Http is a protocol to transfer hypertext information between servers and browsers. Http is foundation of data communication for www. For the first time Tim Berners-Lee and his team at CERN developed the original HTTP along with HTML and associated technology for web server and text based web browser.

WWW:

Www is abbreviation of World Wide Network.

Www is computer network consisting of a collection of internet sites that offers text graphics and sound and animation resources through hypertext transfer protocol. An information space where documents and other web resources are identified by URLs, interlinked by hypertext links, and can be accessed via internet. In 1989, English Scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented www for the first time.

SQL:

SQL is abbreviation of Structured Query Language.

SQL is used to communicate with database. According to American National Standards Institute SQL is structured language for Relational Database Management System. SQL was originally developed by IBM using Dr.E.F, Codd’s paper as a model. In 1979, the first SQL product, ORACLE was released by Relational software later named as Oracle Corporation.

HTML:

Html is abbreviation of Hyper Text Markup Language.

HTML is language used to create World Wide Web pages.HTML is standard system for tagging text files to achieve font, color, and graphics on web pages in other words describing web documents. In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee affirmed HTML and wrote browser and server software.

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